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  • Writer's pictureBrian A. Raphan, Esq.

10 Questions to Ask an Elder Law Attorney

Elder Law Seniors

[According to the U.S. Census Bureau, more than 54 million seniors live in the U.S. This accounts for more than 16 percent of the total population. The number of American seniors is on track to grow to roughly 98 million by 2060.]


Elder law encompasses a wide range of legal matters that will affect us all as we age. Attorneys who practice elder law advocate for seniors and execute legal plans to assist them in living better lives.

An elder law attorney's expertise may encompass estate planning, as well as planning for retirement, Social Security, and long-term medical care. This specialty of the legal profession remains crucial for the well-being of this ever-increasing population.

Managing your assets wisely as you age is crucial as you plan to provide for the family members who will survive you.
And also to ensure you have the proper care when you'll need it.

Contemplating financial matters and making long-term life decisions via estate planning can be a difficult and emotional journey. A qualified elder law attorney knows how to plan strategies that address such concerns.


Keeping Records and Detailed Instructions

Many people want to ensure orderly asset protection, management, and eventual administration while having flexibility if circumstances change. Wealth preservation is the main priority, and it requires accuracy.

For example, over time you may come to have assets in multiple states. You want to be sure to document the status of any community or tenant-occupied property. An inventory of small business assets and their dispersal may also be necessary. You'll be discussing financial information and highly personal matters with your elder law attorney, so trust is critical.


Individuals often want to take steps to ensure their loved ones will inherit their estate. They may also seek to name their children as legal guardians in the event they become unable to handle their own affairs.

Putting together detailed instructions can help reduce conflicts and minimize legal expenses. In turn, this may even help reduce taxes as well, ensuring heirs receive the full value of their portion of the estate.

Qualified elder law attorneys can provide guidance on each of these fronts.


Shaping an Estate Plan

No matter your estate's size, creating a comprehensive estate strategy can prove difficult and even emotional. Estate planning is not a "set it and forget it" process. Family needs as well as new issues regarding state regulations are always evolving. Periodic reviews of existing documents with an attorney will keep your planning current in an ever-changing world.


Executing a Will or acting as trustee of an estate frequently requires the support of a professional. Finding an elder law attorney whose primary focus is estate planning will give you options to achieve your goals and help you live the life you desired in your elder years. With knowledge of your state's legal statutes, they can develop an asset protection strategy, update your estate plan over time, and administer your estate with efficiency.


Comprehensive estate plans may include other foundational documents, including a Will, trusts and health care directives. Long-term care planning provisions and specific durable powers of attorney are crucial, too. If you have minor children or a loved one with special needs, you can identify a guardian to care for them.

Your estate plan may include retirement housing preferences, long-term care plans, and how to cover those costs. Elder law attorneys can also assist with decisions concerning probate and gift, income, and estate tax matters.


Designating Agents to Make Decisions on Your Behalf

While you are still healthy, work with an attorney to choose people you trust to make future financial and medical decisions on your behalf. If you ever become unable to handle your own affairs, these appointees will be there to support your best interests.

Should you ever face a dementia diagnosis, it may still be possible for you to sign legal documents. Capacity requirements for each legal document may vary, however. An experienced elder law attorney can help you understand and complete the proper legal documents in these cases.


What to Ask

To find an elder law attorney who is a good fit, you’ll want to ask some key questions. Consider each of the following, tailoring them to pertain to your greatest concerns:



  1. How long have you practiced elder law and estate planning, and how much do you charge?  

  2. What experience do you have drafting estate plans and navigating estate taxes?  

  3. Do my circumstances warrant a revocable living trust?  

  4. How long will it take to execute my estate plan?

  5. Will you provide documentation to me for review before creating necessary legal documents?  

  6. Will other employees in your law office be able to help me with issues in your absence?

  7. Will my powers of attorney have dementia-specific provisions?

  8. Will my documents “ladder” successors or make use of co-agents?  

  9. How can I keep my critical health care documents portable?

  10. What can you do to ensure my Will won't be contested?



Keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list. For instance, you may have questions related to other areas, such as veterans or disability benefits.

Listen to how an elder law attorney frames their answers in light of your specific situation. This will help demonstrate their knowledge and what it might be like working with them. A sound strategy comes from an attorney who's willing to listen and learn about your family’s needs and goals. Partner with someone who offers clear communication, options, and ideas that align with your values.

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